It is assumed that the Arabs were the first ones to discover Mauritius within the 9th century AD. They named the region Dina Arobi. From that point to if Portuguese achieved the beginning of the 16th century, the city was only known by pirates and buccaneers who spent their day trip in the Indian Ocean. In fact, records state that this Portuguese said this tropical isle was uninhabited after they arrived. The first actual work for balance settlement came from the form of the Dutch.
The Dutch arrived at 1638 and named this tropical isle for Prince Maurice de Nassau. Despite two attempts at colonisation from 1638-1657 and again in 1664-1710, the Dutch were unsuccessful and ultimately left the area to pirates. The French East India Company laid claim they Mauritius in 1715, renaming it Île de France and begun to expand the sugar trade. Slaves were brought from East Africa and from Madagascar to figure on the plantations. In 1721, Governor Bertrand François Mahé de La Bourdonnais founded Port Louis which may become the capital. The island quickly became a prosperous colony simply because of its location from the Indian Ocean which allowed that it is port of call when travelling from Europe on the Far East throughout the Cape of Good Hope.
Things started to change at the start the 17th century when Mauritius was captured with the British in 1810. Four years later, British possession was solidified together with the Treaty of Paris which ensured any particular one French areas of life were to be maintained. To this day, French is spoken in excess of English. The British changed the name of the region back to Mauritius. In 1835 the British abolished slavery and for that reason, the newly freed slaves refused to operate on sugar plantations. To accommodate the advantages of workers, indentured labourers from India were brought over. It is estimated that between 1835 as well as the First World War, approximately half a million labourers were taken to Mauritius.
Tensions did start to rise between Indian population have been mostly sugar cane workers, along with the Franco-Mauritian population inside the 1920s. This triggered fighting and plenty of deaths, many of which were Indians. The Mauritius Labour Party was created out of this tension in 1936 to guard the interest of labourers. By 1947, elections were held with the newly created Legislative Assembly.
These elections were the 1st steps towards self rule and were won with the Labour Party marking the initial time a Francophone wasn't in power. The independence movement really started gain traction in 1961 and was finally gained in 1968. Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam became the 1st Prime Minister. Ramgoolam was awarded the United Nations Prize with the defense of Human Rights in 1973 for his handling of ethnic tensions between Muslims and Creoles on the region. By 1991 the Constitution was amended for making Mauritius a republic inside British Commonwealth which entered effect on 12 March 1992. Since independence, Mauritius has changed into a true African success story by maintaining a reliable democracy as well as its commitment to human rights. The past 3 decades have witnessed significant growth within the economy from being fueled by agriculture to expanding, becoming additional diversified. This expansion is within part due towards the development of luxury tourism. Today, this island nation is really a popular destination for tourists looking for over the average tropical island. Originally described as stopover to Africa, on account of its natural charm, cultural diversity and interesting attractions, Mauritius is coming into its as a luxury travel destination.