This museum contains some fascinating artefacts, including early maps with the island and paintings of Mauritius' original fauna - including, certainly, the dodo. There are also several dodo bones within a glass case, together with those of other disappeared species including the red rail and Rodrigues solitaire. One real curio is undoubtedly an engraving of Dutch gentlemen operating pairs about the back of any giant tortoise, a species that went the way in the dodo.
The colonial mansion housing this museum utilized to belong to the Robillard family and played an essential part in the island's history. It was through 1810 how the injured commanders in the French and English fleets were taken for treatment following Battle of Vieux Grand Port (the one naval battle where the French got the top hand over their British foes). The story with the victory is retold from the museum, together with salvaged items - cannons, grapeshot as well as the all-important wines - on the British Magicienne, which sank in the battle.
The bell and also a cache of Spanish coins through the wreck on the St Géran can also be on display. The ship's demise in 1744, off of the northeast coast of Mauritius, inspired the famous love story Paul et Virginie by Bernardin de St-Pierre. Recent inclusions in the museum such as a retrofitted train carriage out your back plus a replica of Napoleon's boat used from the infamous battle defeating the English.