There are 700 varieties of indigenous plants including over 60 different orchid species. Interestingly, Mauritius would be the second largest supplier of plants and cut flowers not in the Netherlands. A great deal of Mauritius natural flora is endangered due to destruction of habitats along with the of plants and animals that compete and destroy fruits and seedlings.
Black River Gorges National Park spreads over 16,680 acres and is particularly a home for Mauritius’ highly endangered plant and animal species. Within the park are 311 kind of native and endemic flowering plants also it protects the island’s remaining rainforest. It hosts humid upland forest, drier lowland forest and heathland. Nine type of birds which could only be obtained in Mauritius call the Black River Gorges National Park their residence. Île aux Aigrettes can be a 26 hectare island and nature reserve located about 800 m over south new england of Mauritius. It was named as being a nature reserve in 1965 together with the goal of saving the past remnants of Mauritius’s coastal forest. It hosts an original population of endemic natural world species. By 1985 the Mauritian Wildlife Foundation put a watchman on Île aux Aigrettes as well as a major restoration project was undertaken.
Round Island is undoubtedly an offshore islet 22.5 km off of the north northeastern of Mauritius. Classified to be a nature reserve in 1957, Round Island supports the past remains of an lowland palm rich community that's once prominent on Mauritius. It hosts several rare palm species and it is famous due to its reptile community, housing between 7-8 endemic reptile species. Due to the isolation of Round Island, it offers kept many natural elements and is also free of introduced mammals. Another place of interest amongst nature lovers is Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Botanical Garden. This garden spreads across 60 acres and hosts 500 different types of plants, 80 which often are palms. The garden is known amongst naturalists due to its large lilies plus the Talipot Palms that reside there. These palms have been demonstrated to flower every 60 years and then they die.
The Mauritian Wildlife Foundation (MWF) was formed 26 years ago to raise and distribute funds for conservation, protection and husbandry for endangered species. A non-governmental agency, the inspiration works closely together with the National Parks and Conservation Service to promote conservation practices through the entire country. By 1995 the cornerstone focussed less on raising funds plus more on developing mitts projects. The MWF may be successful in bringing many species back from near extinction because of captive breeding programmes together with several restoration efforts. In total, MWF operates six field stations, two endemic plant nurseries, the Captive Breeding Center, the Gerald Durrell Endemic Wildlife Sanctuary as well as a visitor’s information focus on Île aux Aigrettes.
The remoteness of Mauritius due to the volcanic origin as well as location inside the Indian Ocean resulted in there were limited opportunities for natural colonisation of animals. As such, you will find only a few endemic species including birds and reptiles. There aren't native mammals apart from bats and you can find no amphibians in Mauritius. The Dodo bird was indigenous to Mauritius, however, this bird became extinct within eighty years of the company's discovery. Despite being extinct over three hundred years, the Dodo still fascinates people. The Dodo lost the opportunity to fly because food about the island was abundant and Mauritius’ isolation meant there were no predators or competitors. The Dodo is vital because it was once humans realised which they could introduce the extinction of an species.