The French Period (1830-1962) Algeria became a colony of France soon there after French military forces invaded america in 1830 and, for many of the succeeding 130 years, that it was a fully-fledged department in the French Republic. During this period significant quantities of people emigrated from France to Algeria's cities; sometimes they outnumbered the locals and took over as majority.
French affect Algeria's culture, economy and society was strong, although it absolutely was often resented from the native population who made note of favoritism, exclusion on the political process along with the denial of basic rights and freedoms.
The policies from the French government alternated between benign neglect and harsh repression, tending for the latter whenever riots and revolutions occurred (that was fairly often). Francophone culture would not trickle down in the upper quantities of government and society, and also the native population deeply resented the awarding of communal and confiscated land to immigrants from outside the country.
The situation stumbled on a directly November 1st, 1954 using the start of what is known as the Algerian War of Independence led with the FLN, or National Liberation Front. By the time the war ended with France granting of Algerian independence in 1962, thousands had lost their lives and also over a million former colonists and Algerian sympathizers had left Algeria for France.
Although the war caused great devastation to Algeria, her people emerged united and devoted to improving their land and society. Algeria became a leader with the non-aligned movement and became an inspiration with former French colonies in Africa. French influence is prominent in your community of literature as well as in government bureaucracy, but isn't used in daily conversation.