The Maya civilization was on the list of great Pre-Colombian civilizations, extending through the entire northern Central American region, like the present-day nations of Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, southern Mexico and western Honduras. During the Classic period (250–900 AD) most Mayan city states reached their peak of urbanism and large-scale construction.
The most notable monuments out of this period is the ancient Mayan temples which were built in virtually every important Maya city. For reasons that happen to be still unknown, a lot of the Maya centers went into decline during later centuries and were eventually abandoned leaving exactly the Mayan ruins. There are several possible causes of their downfall including soil exhaustion, water loss and erosion. Other possibilities include catastrophes for example earthquakes, diseases and invasions by other surrounding people and cultures.
Located in northern Belize, Lamanai was a considerably sized Maya city. The ancient ruins are certainly not completely uncovered yet. Archaeological work has targeting the investigation and restoration on the larger structures for example the High Temple, a 33 meter tall temple. Since it used to be occupied through the Maya once the Spanish arrived, Lamanai, which in Maya means “submerged crocodile”, is among the few Mayan sites to retain its traditional name.
Coba in Mexico would be a large ancient Maya city that has been home to about 50,000 inhabitants at its peak. Most of it’s monuments were built between 500 and 900 AD. New temples were built and genuine ones kept in repair until a minimum of the 14th century however, perhaps as late because arrival in the Spanish. Coba contains several large temple pyramids, the tallest, the Nohoch Mul pyramid is concerning 42 meters (138 ft) high. Today a small portion from the site is cleared from your jungle and restored by archaeologists.
Siting good for Vaca Plateau, 500 meters (1650 ft) above sea level, Caracol would be the largest Maya site in Belize. It was once among the largest ancient Maya cities, covering some 168 square kilometers (65 mi²). At it’s peak around 650 AD it had approximately population around 150,000, greater than twice as many people as Belize City has today. The largest pyramid in Caracol is Canaa (Sky Place), at 43 meters (143 ft) will still be the tallest man-made structure in all of the of Belize.
Located in western Honduras, Copán became a relatively small Mayan city well-known for it’s remarkable combination of portrait stelae. The stelae and sculptured decorations with the buildings of Copán are some with the very finest surviving art of ancient Mesoamerica. Some in the stone structures at Copán go back to the 9th century BC. The city grew into one of several most important Maya sites through the 5th century with over 20,000 inhabitants but was mysteriously abandoned several centuries later. The highest reason Copán could be the ancient Mayan temple now referred to as Temple 16, rising 30 meters (100 ft) higher than the city’s Great Plaza.
Tulum is located on the east coast on the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. It once served as being the major port on the Mayan town of Coba. Tulum was built around 1200 AD if the Mayan civilization is in decline and so lacks the elegance of some other famous sites. The tropical beach backdrop however makes mtss is a unique Maya site that ought to not be missed.
Calakmul is often a Mayan site hidden from the jungles with the Mexican state of Campeche. It is on the list of largest Mayan cities ever uncovered with 6,500 ancient structures identified. Calakmul’s 55 meter (180 foot) high pyramid is undoubtedly the largest structure at the website. Like several ancient Mayan temples the size in the pyramid at Calakmul was increased by building upon an adult existing temple to achieve its current size.
Palenque is surely an archaeological site that's located around the western edge from the Maya empire inside the present-day state of Chiapas, Mexico. Palenque is a lot smaller than a number of it Mayan neighbor cities, nevertheless it contains some in the finest architecture and sculptures the Maya ever produced. Most structures in Palenque date from about 600 AD to 800 AD like the Temple of Inscriptions, the only real Mesoamerican pyramid built being a funerary monument.
Uxmal, meaning “built three times” from the Mayan language, is one of many best preserved Mayan sites in Mexico. The most recognizable and tallest structure at 115 feet will be the Pyramid with the Magician. The layers from the temple pyramid are oval unlike the rectangular or square layers of other Mayan pyramids. The pyramid appears to have been integrated five phases, starting in the sixth century continuing periodically with the 10th century.
Situated inside lowland rainforest of northern Guatemala, Tikal just might be the most breathtaking of all of the Mayan sites. Restored buildings are scattered throughout the area while a good many more ruined buildings remain hidden with the jungle. Between ca. 200 to 900 AD, Tikal was the most important Mayan city with about population between 100,000 and 200,000 inhabitants. Tikal contains 6 huge temple pyramids. The largest, Temple-pyramid IV, is a few 72 meters (230 feet) high and was finished around 720 AD. Climbing towards the top of a single of these ancient Mayan temples supplies a great knowledge about beautiful panoramic views from over the tree tops.
El Castillo could be the nickname of on the list of most spectacular Mayan temples that dominates the archaeological site of Chichen Itza. The design in the temple has special astronomical significance. Each face from the pyramid carries a stairway with 91 steps, which with the shared step towards the top, total 365, the volume of days every year. Climbing El Castillo is not really allowed from a woman fell to her death in 2006.