El Mirador is an Archaeological Site in El Petén. Buried from the furthest reaches from the Petén jungle, just 7km south from the Mexican border, the Late Preclassic metropolis at El Mirador contains one in the largest clusters of buildings of a typical single Maya site, included in this the biggest pyramid ever internal the Maya world.
Ongoing excavations have scratched the outer lining, a great number of are still hidden within the jungle. El Mirador (The Lookout), the name provided to the site by chicleros (chicle harvesters) before its 'discovery' by archaeologists, is a result of the excellent views offered by some in the pyramids. La Danta (the Tapir) looms some 70m across the forest floor. Another pyramid, El Tigre, measures 55m high and its particular base covers 18,000 sq meters – six times the region of Tikal's biggest structure, Templo IV. La Danta, El Tigre along with the other temples erected here display the unusual 'triadic' style, where three pyramids crown a big platform, with all the one in the guts dominating the opposite two, which face 1 another at a lower level. The facades these buildings were once embellished with carved masks.
You'll need to take your imagination to picture this city that, at its height, spread over 16 sq km and supported 1000s of citizens. It was certainly the maximum Maya city in the Preclassic era, far exceeding bigger anything built subsequently from the Maya world. Within the complex, over a dozen internal causeways link the principle architectural complexes. Scholars remain figuring out why and just how El Mirador thrived (there aren't many natural resources no water sources save with the reservoirs built by ingenious, ancient engineers) and what generated its abandonment in 150 AD. Some five centuries there after date, El Mirador is resettled, as suggested through the existence of Classic architecture one of several older structures. Pottery unearthed out of this era displays the highly refined codex-style of decoration, by which calligraphic lines are painted with a cream-colored surface, with designs thought to resemble Maya codices.
Richard Hansen, a professor from Idaho State University, is leading your time and effort to map the Mirador basin, a huge swath of northern El Petén comprising a multitude of interconnected cities, with funding from a variety of international and Guatemalan foundations and personal sources. In March 2009, Dr Hansen with the exceptional crew developed a significant discovery after they excavated a 4m frieze in the base of La Danta, dating from 300 BC,
they will surmise decorated a royal pool. The carved images upon it depict the twin heroes Hunahpú and Ixbalnqué swimming over the underworld domain of Xibalbá, an account that is related inside the Popol Vuh (the Maya 'Bible'). The finding underlines the need for El Mirador in establishing the idea system of Classic-era civilizations.