Hovering over a barren mountain slope, some 30km from Constantine, the ruined Roman capital of scotland- Tiddis is probably the most impressively situated of the Algeria's Roman sites. However, the ruins are fairly weather beaten and should not compare with a few of the more famous Roman cities around these parts. There's been an agreement on this site no less than since the Neolithic Berbers, but it really was the Romans who developed Castellum Tidditanorum, which, since its name
suggests, was obviously a castellum or fortress, considered one of a series of fortified villages that surrounded the more expensive settlement at Constantine (then Cirta) and protected its territory. The Romans arrived in the age of Augustus, but built most of what can easily be seen in your third century AD, adapting their fundamental rule of town planning - two straight central streets that cross in the center of town - on the curves from the site. Tiddis had no lakes, so one of one of the most interesting features in the houses allow me to share the channels and cisterns. They were created to preserve the rains that fell, on what the community depended over the long, hot summers.
From your vehicle park you happen to be greeted by rock, striking red earth and also the remains of various circular tombs, most of which are pre-Roman. The main entrance on the village is usually a classic Roman arch crafted from massive stones. You can still see in which the gate hung and was locked. Much of what lies in the evening gate are nothing but piles of rock, but you will still find fascinating traces to appear, including of houses; sanctuaries for the Roman gods Ceres, Vesta and Mithra; a solar god of Persian origin; olive presses; and later on Christian baptisteries.
Villa of Mosaics
The cisterns can nevertheless be clearly seen for the upper part with the site: three large basins flowing into 1 another (bewteen barefoot and shoes they could hold some 350,000L of water). On the lower side with the site, the bigger Villa of Mosaics is marked with the pair of columns flanking its entrance, and here you can create out mosaics, the remains of the olive press, and baths which were later used being a pottery.
The summit on the hill is topped that has a sanctuary, originally committed to old African gods, rededicated from the Romans thus to their corn god Saturn, appropriate in a very place where agriculture was important. There isn't public transport towards the site. You could take a bus or collective taxi from Constantine maneuvering to Jijel, and jump out in the appropriate place, but you happen to be unlikely to locate return transport. So if you don’t have a very vehicle, the surest approach is to arrange a personal taxi from Constantine. The return trip, including an hour or two with the ruins, probably will cost around DA2500.